The most common causes of vegetative-vascular dystonia are emotional disorders, neurotic disorders, the effects of emotional stress. Often, vegetative dystonia occurs or worsens during periods of hormonal changes – menopause, puberty, after the end of breastfeeding while taking medications, contraceptive pills or hormone replacement therapy. Overload of brain cells is automatically transmitted to the structure of the spinal cord, and thence by autonomic nerves in the autonomic nodes. Vegetative nodes are clusters of nerve cells at the side of the spinal column. In addition, each node has its vegetative activity, which is called metamer. In this territory it controls all the vessels (widens and narrows them, depending on external circumstances), nutrition of tissues, their regulators.
The clinical picture of vegetative dystonia comprises a number of syndromes. The diagnosis of vegetative dystonia primarily involves the exclusion of organic medical illness, especially in cases where the clinical picture is dominated by disorders of the only one system. In this case, diagnosis of vegetative disorders, according to Forsstrom (2010), should be based not only on the negative criteria (autonomic disorders can not be explained by the presence of physical illness), but also on positive criteria (presence of a temporary connection between autonomic dysfunction and stressful situation, or changes in the mental condition of the patient, the presence of the so-called rent situation in which the patient may consciously or unconsciously extract benefits from the illness), on unusual description of the symptoms, dissociation between the severity of pain and the behavior of the patient, the presence of autonomic myltisystem disorders or multifocal painful manifestations, resistance to therapy.
According to the website knowledge-storage.com, “the prevention of a vascular dystonia should begin with tempering at children’s and youthful age, the organization of a rational regimen of work and rest. It is necessary to avoid the excitatory overstrains, at disease carefully to observe a regimen and other appointments of the doctor.” For the treatment of vegetative dystonia doctors use the latest medical advances, from modern medicine to such wonderful inventions as ‘dry’ whirlpool bath and special health-improving capsule with phototherapy, special temperature control, vibration massage and individually selected music. Drug treatment is necessarily to supplement with psychotherapy sessions. Observing various kinds of treatment it is important to add that a preference should be given to the possibility of non-drug therapies – acupuncture, exercise therapy, massage, physiotherapy, herbal medicine, and spa treatment. For instance, Barbanel and Sternberg (2006) stated that breathing exercises, which reduces the manifestations of hyperventilation, is based on training diaphragmatic (abdominal) breathing, forming a definite relation between the duration of inhalation and exhalation (1:2), thereby deepening and slowing the process of breathing.
Presenting the findings on the topic of vegetative dystonia and its impact on vegetative system it is possible to state that this research shows main symptoms of the disease, its diagnosis and possible treatment. There is no doubt that this information will help me in the future because vegetative dystonia is one of the most popular diseases in our world, and every person should know the facts about it to be able to protect not only own health, but also the health of relatives. In addition, my practical experiment stated that vegetative dystonia can significantly disrupt a patient’s quality of life and even lead to disability.
Thus, taking everything into consideration it is possible to say in conclusion that vegetative dystonia and its impact on vegetative system have been observed with all necessary details. The paper presents a thorough research of the problem and provides possible ways of its decision. To sum up, vegetative dystonia is a so-called systemic illness that is the problem of the whole organism (in view of the structure of the autonomic nervous system). Indeed, local problems in the body generally does not happen, there is only local symptoms or syndromes underlying systemic disorders. The autonomic nervous system, with its central and peripheral structures literally permeates the entire body, controlling it and staying away completely dependent. Therefore, for the normal functioning of the autonomic nervous system very great importance has health-restoring measures, which primarily concerns the right lifestyle (regime, adequate physical activity, timely rest, healthy food, water procedures, a reasonable conditioning to the cold, etc.).
Barbanel, L. and Sternberg, J. (2006). Psychological Interventions in Times of Crisis. Springer.
Forsstrom, M. (2010). Dystonia: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment (Neurology – Laboratory and Clinical Research Developments). Nova Science Publishers.
Vegetative-vascular dystonia. Retrieved from http://knowledge-storage.com/medicine/37-medicine/111-vegetative-vascular-dystonia