In conclusion, it is necessary to say that transformational leadership theory is one of the most effective theories of leadership. It contains such important elements of preceding leadership types, as trait theory, behavior theory, charismatic leadership, situational and transactional leadership.
Transformational leadership theory discusses the role of leadership which is focused on the positive change in the followers. It means that they take care of each other’s interests and always act in the interests of the whole group. In this case, the leader has the major goal – to enhance not only motivation, but also moral and performance of his followers. James MacGregor Burns is the first researcher in this sphere of study, who defined the concept of transformational leadership in his book. He was interested in the problems of leadership in organizations, and his Transformational leadership theory proved to be an effective one. Besides, Bass argues that a leader can display both transformational and transactional leadership skills. In contrast to Burns’ theory, which states that transformational leadership is connected with high values, Bass argues that it is amoral. Bass is sure that such people as Adolf Hitler and Jim Jones are true transformational leaders.
Hughes, R., Ginnett, R. and Curphy, G. Leadership: Enhancing the lessons of experience, 6th edition, 2008. Print.